OLEANDER (Heb. הַרְדּוּף mishnaic (harduf) or הִרְדּוּפְנִי (hirdufeni), the evergreen shrub with rose-colored flowers that grows wild in Israel on the banks of rivers. Cultivated varieties having flowers of various colors are also grown. Its leaves are arranged at the nodes of the stalk in groups of three. In this respect it resembles the three-leaved myrtle . The Talmud (Suk. 32b) raises the possibility that by eẓ avot ("plaited tree"), one of the four species taken on the Feast of Tabernacles (Lev. 23:40), the oleander may be intended, but the suggestion is rejected on the grounds that the Bible would not have required a plant containing a dangerous poison to be taken (see rashi , Suk. 32b). A fowl that has eaten oleander "is forbidden because of danger to life" (Ḥul. 3:5). It is, in fact, very poisonous and its ground leaves are sometimes used as mouse poison. One tanna held that it was because of its bitterness that this tree was used by Moses to sweeten the bitter waters (Ex. 15:25) "for God heals with that with which he wounds" (Ex. R. 50:3). The Talmud (Pes. 39a) mentions a bitter plant called hardufenin which is not poisonous and was eaten as a salad. The reference is apparently to the Scorzonera, to which the name hardufenin is given in modern Hebrew. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Loew, Flora, 1 (1924), 206–12; H.N. and A.L. Moldenke, Plants of the Bible (1952), index; J. Feliks, Ẓimḥiyyat ha-Mishnah, in: Marot ha-Mishnah, Seder Zera'im (1967), 38. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Feliks, Ha-Ẓome'aḥ, 52. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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(Nerium oleander)

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  • Oleander — (Nerium oleander) Systematik Euasteriden I Ordnung: Enzianartige (Gentianales) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oleander — Sm (strauchartige Pflanze mit länglichen, ledrigen Blättern) per. Wortschatz fach. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus it. oleandro und frz. oléandre, diese aus ml. lorandrum f. Lorbeerbaum unter Einfluß von l. olea f. Ölbaum, Olivenbaum . Die… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Oleander — (Платанес,Греция) Категория отеля: Адрес: 192 Machis Kritis, Платанес, 74100, Греция …   Каталог отелей

  • Oleander — (Хавеа,Испания) Категория отеля: Адрес: Calle Gioacchino Rossini, 03730 Хавеа, Испания …   Каталог отелей

  • Oleander B&B — (Шиофок,Венгрия) Категория отеля: Адрес: 8600 Шиофок, Dózsa György utca 1/A, Венгрия …   Каталог отелей

  • Oleander B&B — (Порторож,Словения) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: Seča 80, 6320 Порторож …   Каталог отелей

  • Oleander — O le*an der, n. [F. ol[ e]andre (cf. It. oleandro, LL. lorandrum), prob. corrupted, under the influence of laurus laurel, fr. L. rhododendron, Gr. ?; ? rose + ? tree.] (Bot.) A beautiful evergreen shrub ({Nerium oleander}) of the Dogbane family,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Oleánder — Oleánder, Lorbeerrose, Rosenlorbeer (Nerĭum), Pflanzengattg. der Apozynazeen, Sträucher wärmerer Gegenden. Gemeiner O. (N. Oleander L. [Abb. 1285]), Zierstrauch aus Südeuropa, mit lanzettförmigen Blättern und karminroten Blüten; alle Teile… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • oleander — (n.) rose bay, a poisonous evergreen Mediterranean shrub, c.1400, from M.L. oleander, probably (by influence of L. olea olive tree ) from L.L. lorandrum, from L. rhododendron (see RHODODENDRON (Cf. rhododendron)), itself altered by influence of L …   Etymology dictionary

  • Oleander — Oleander: Der Name des als Topfpflanze beliebten immergrünen Strauches (oder Baumes) des Mittelmeergebietes ist in dt. Texten seit dem 16. Jh. belegt. Er ist aus it. oleandro entlehnt, das unter Anlehnung an lat. olea »Olivenbaum« aus mlat.… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

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